Designated as an Urban Wildlife Site, the wooded river banks are host to carpets of wildflowers and many dramatic trees, including patches of ancient woodland. During 2008 and 2009 a wildflower survey was completed from Balerno to Leith, click this list to see all 250 species spotted. Wildflower List
Often peat-stained, the water is, however, of a high quality both chemically and biologically, so many fish flourish. In fact 11 species of fish can now be found in the river channel and anglers can fish, by free permit, from April to September, click on Fishing for more information.
Home to over 80 species of bird, you can hope to see Common Buzzard, Cormorant, Dipper, Golden Eye, Goosander, Great Spotted Woodpecker, Grey Wagtail, Heron, Kestrel, Kingfisher, Long Tailed Tits, Mallard, Mistle Thrush, Moorhen, Pied Wagtail, Song Thrush, Sparrow Hawk, Swan and Tree Creeper. Lucky visitors may even spot a Roe Deer, Badger or Otter. Other mammal which call the river home are Daubentons and Pipistrelle Bat, Fox, Mink and Albino Squirrels
See below some wonderful resourse posters on the Birds and Mammals of the river. Free for you to download and print off.